The Investment Charter
PRESENCE OF CHAD WITHIN AFRICAN INSTITUTIONS
Home of humanity, as attested by the recent scientific distinction in July 2002 represented by the discovery of Toumaï, "hope for peace", Chad, as if to confirm by premonition its status as the cradle of humanity, and therefore open to world, took a strong option from independence, to integrate international bodies, especially at the African regional level. He thus actively contributed to the creation of groups, both political and socio-economic. A presence on the international scene reinforced over the years and marked today by the authorities' firm desire to diversify relations with other African States, and to allow the country to be at the ankle with them in the frantic quest for peace and socioeconomic growth.
The entry of the Republic of Chad into African institutions dates back to the 1960s, when most of the countries in this region of the world gained international sovereignty. The starting point was the urgent need for unity on the continent with the creation of the OAU, Organization of African Unity. An institution to the founding of which Chad very actively contributed in 1963 in Addis Ababa in Ethiopia and, working for the development, until its mutation in 2003 (?), Thus becoming the African Union.
In the same vein, Chad participated in the efforts that led to the creation of OCAM, the African and Malagasy Common Organization of which it was a member. In terms of safety, particularly in the field of air transport, ASECNA, Agency for the Safety of Navigation in Africa and Madagascar, has registered, for its creation, the invaluable support of Chad, a member of this Organization to date. regional headquarters in Dakar, Senegal, and within which it remains well represented.
Food security is also the front on which Chad is present, through its support for the creation of the Inter-State Committee for the Fight against Drought in the Sahel (CILSS).
Following the creation of the OAU, noted above, Chad, at the sub-regional level, took a decisive part in the creation of the Customs and Economic Union of Central Africa (UDEAC), today hui replaced by the Economic and Monetary Community of Central Africa (CEMAC), institution of which it is depositary of all acts. Chad is also home to the headquarters of the specialized bodies of CEMAC: the Court of Justice; the regional center for research applied to the development of the savannas of Central Africa (Prasac); the Economic Community of Cattle, Meat and Fisheries Resources (Cebevirah). He is also represented at BDEAC (Central African Development Bank), an annex to CEMAC with headquarters in Brazzaville, Congo,
Another institution in which the Republic of Chad is represented, and at an equally important level, the Bank of Central African States (BEAC), with national representation, the very symbol of the Community in N'Djaména, the capital city.
In the recent past, in February 1998 in Tripoli, Libya, Chad's contribution was still decisive in the process of creating the Economic Community of Sahel-Saharan States (Cend-Sad), a group of more than one twenty African states whose country had to host a summit.
Chad is also a member of the Lake Chad Basin Commission (LCBC), which also includes Niger, Nigeria and Cameroon, and of which it houses its headquarters.
It should be noted that since the democratization of its institutions in 1990, and the return to all-round stability, Chad, through its very active diplomacy and its security instrument that is the Chadian National Army, has worked tirelessly for the consolidation of peace in Africa, thus further asserting its presence within African institutions. This is evidenced, on the one hand, by its involvement in the process of normalizing institutions and restoring peace in Sudan. And on the other hand, the sending of bodies specializing in the maintenance of security, in particular in Rwanda, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and recently again in the Central African Republic.
We cannot fail to mention the twenty or so African conventions to which the country has subscribed, thereby strengthening its fight for full political and socioeconomic development on the continent.
Thus, the Republic of Chad, yesterday still considered a “nil state”, “country of war”, has today truly entered into the mysteries of African diplomacy, with a presence more than ever requested and expected in all areas.